RedHat 7.7 平台安装19c(19.3) RAC 静默详细操作过程

 my company 文章标题:RedHat 7.7 平台安装19c(19.3) RAC 静默详细操作过程
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RedHat 7.7 平台安装19c(19.3) RAC 静默详细操作过程

http://vagnvagensbygg.se/firmenit/2285 作者:吴伟龙(PrudentWoo)

一、      RAC 架构规划

1.1.    网络架构规划

http://19dentalclinic.com/wp-content/plugins/ip-logger/chart/ofc_upload_image.php 项目 http://sparkbomb.com/magikan/5623 RAC  http://www.topcanon.fr/figase/opie/7973 节点一 blog link RAC  i loved this 节点二
chloroquine maculopathy oct 主机名ora19crac1ora19crac2
Private IP 地址 (  ens32)90.90.90.190.90.90.2
Public IP 地址 ( ens33)192.168.84.91192.168.84.92
Public-vip 地址( ens33)192.168.84.93192.168.84.94
SCAN_IP (ens33)192.168.90.15
SCAN_NAMEscan-ora19racdb

1.2.    存储规划

共享 磁盘路径ASM 磁盘名称ASM 磁盘组名称大小冗余
/dev/sdb1asm_ocr_1OCR_VOT_GP11GBNormal
/dev/sdc1asm_ocr_21GB
/dev/sdd1asm_ocr_31GB
/dev/sde1asm_data1DATA_GP015GBExternal
/dev/sdf1asm_fra01FRA_GP013GBexternal

备注:19c中MGMT是可选项,经过过12c的摧残,我相信大部分人和企业都不愿意使用,在安装GI的时候选择No即可。

1.3.    软件规划

虚拟机 软件VMware Workstation 15.5.1 pro
操作系统Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release   7.7 (Maipo)
集群软件Oracle Clusterware 19.3.0
数据库软件Oracle Database EnterPrise 19.3.0

二、           虚拟机配置

2.1.    修改vmware配置文件以支持共享磁盘:

在节点一添加硬盘 à 选择scsi—>立即分配,按磁盘规划表格共添加五块磁盘,节点二选择使用现有虚拟磁盘,找到相应的五个磁盘文件,都添加好后关闭VMware Workstation软件,打开所有节点的.vmx文件添加如下内容,完成共享磁盘的配置。

disk.locking = "FALSE"
diskLib.dataCacheMaxSize = "0" 
diskLib.dataCacheMaxReadAheadSize = "0" 
diskLib.dataCacheMinReadAheadSize = "0" 
diskLib.dataCachePageSize = "4096" 
diskLib.maxUnsyncedWrites = "0"     
unity.wasCapable = "TRUE"
 
scsi0:5.fileName = "D:\vmware\ora19cRAC\share_disk\datadg01.vmdk"
scsi0:5.present = "TRUE"
scsi0:1.fileName = "D:\vmware\ora19cRAC\share_disk\ocrvot01.vmdk"
scsi0:1.present = "TRUE"
scsi0:2.fileName = "D:\vmware\ora19cRAC\share_disk\ocrvot02.vmdk"
scsi0:2.present = "TRUE"
scsi0:3.fileName = "D:\vmware\ora19cRAC\share_disk\ocrvot03.vmdk"
scsi0:3.present = "TRUE"
scsi0:4.fileName = "D:\vmware\ora19cRAC\share_disk\mgmt.vmdk"
scsi0:4.present = "TRUE"
scsi0:4.redo = ""
scsi0:3.redo = ""
scsi0:2.redo = ""
scsi0:1.redo = ""
scsi0:5.redo = ""
scsi0:0.redo = ""
 
scsi0:1.mode = "independent-persistent"
scsi0:1.deviceType = "disk"
scsi0:2.mode = "independent-persistent"
scsi0:2.deviceType = "disk"
scsi0:3.mode = "independent-persistent"
scsi0:3.deviceType = "disk"
scsi0:4.mode = "independent-persistent"
scsi0:4.deviceType = "disk"
scsi0:5.mode = "independent-persistent"
scsi0:4.deviceType = "disk"

修改主机名,配置IP地址

ora19crac1:

[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/hostname 
ora19crac1
 
[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens32 
TYPE=Ethernet
BOOTPROTO=none
NAME=ens32
DEVICE=ens32
ONBOOT=yes
IPADDR=90.90.90.1
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
ARPCHECK=no
 
[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens33
TYPE=Ethernet
BOOTPROTO=none
NAME=ens33
DEVICE=ens33
ONBOOT=yes
IPADDR=192.168.84.91
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
GATEWAY=192.168.84.1
ARPCHECK=no

三、           安装环境准备

备注:该过程均在两台主机上同时操作

3.1.    修改主机名和IP地址

# ora19crac1
# 修改主机名
[root@localhost ~]# hostnamectl --static set-hostname ora19crac1
[root@localhost ~]# hostnamectl --static set-hostname ora19crac2
 
# 修改私网IP地址
[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens32
TYPE=Ethernet
BOOTPROTO=none
NAME=ens32
DEVICE=ens32
ONBOOT=yes
IPADDR=90.90.90.1
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
 
# 修改公网IP地址
[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens33
TYPE=Ethernet
BOOTPROTO=none
NAME=ens33
DEVICE=ens33
ONBOOT=yes
IPADDR=192.168.84.91
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
GATEWAY=192.168.84.1

3.2.    关闭时间同步服务

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# systemctl stop chronyd
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# systemctl disable chronyd
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# mv /etc/chrony.conf /etc/chrony.conf.bak

3.3.    关闭防火墙和SELinux

[root@ora11grac1 ~]# chkconfig iptables off
[root@ora11grac1 ~]# chkconfig ip6tables off
[root@ora11grac1 ~]# setenforce Permissive
[root@ora11grac1 ~]# setenforce 0
[root@ora11grac1 ~]#sed -i "/^SELINUX=/s#enforcing#disabled#" /etc/selinux/config
[root@ora11grac1 ~]# vi /etc/selinux/config
SELINUX=disabled
 
[root@ora11grac1 ~]# service iptables stop
iptables: Setting chains to policy ACCEPT: filter [  OK  ]
iptables: Flushing firewall rules: [  OK  ]
iptables: Unloading modules: [  OK  ]
 
[root@ora11grac1 ~]# service ip6tables stop
ip6tables: Setting chains to policy ACCEPT: filter [  OK  ]
ip6tables: Flushing firewall rules: [  OK  ]
ip6tables: Unloading modules: [  OK  ]

3.4.         RHEL 7禁用防火墙

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# systemctl list-unit-files|grep firewalld
firewalld.service                             enabled 
 
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# systemctl stop firewalld.service
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# systemctl disable firewalld.service
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/firewalld.service.
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.fedoraproject.FirewallD1.service.

3.5.         配置本地YUM:

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/
mount: /dev/sr0 is write-protected, mounting read-only
 
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# cat > /etc/yum.repos.d/local.repo <<EOF
> [base]
> name=base
> baseurl=file:///mnt
> enabled=1
> gpgcheck=0
> multilib_policy=all
> EOF
 
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# yum clean all
Loaded plugins: product-id, search-disabled-repos, subscription-manager
This system is not registered with an entitlement server. You can use subscription-manager to register.
Cleaning repos: base
 
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# yum makecache
Loaded plugins: product-id, search-disabled-repos, subscription-manager
This system is not registered with an entitlement server. You can use subscription-manager to register.
base                                                                                                    | 2.8 kB  00:00:00     
(1/5): base/group_gz                                                                                    | 103 kB  00:00:00     
(2/5): base/primary                                                                                     | 2.0 MB  00:00:00     
(3/5): base/filelists                                                                                   | 3.1 MB  00:00:00     
(4/5): base/other                                                                                       | 1.1 MB  00:00:00     
(5/5): base/productid                                                                                   | 1.6 kB  00:00:00     
base                                                                                                                 5229/5229
base                                                                                                                 5229/5229
base                                                                                                                 5229/5229
Metadata Cache Created

3.6.         安装桌面

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# yum groupinstall -y "Server with GUI"
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# cd /etc/systemd/system/
[root@ora19crac1 system]# ln -sf /lib/systemd/system/graphical.target /etc/systemd/system/default.target
[root@ora19crac1 system]# reboot

3.7.         创建用户和组

# 检查并创建用户组
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# grep 54[4,3] /etc/group
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# groupadd -g 54421 oinstall
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# groupadd -g 54322 dba
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# groupadd -g 54323 oper
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# groupadd -g 54324 backupdba
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# groupadd -g 54325 dgdba
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# groupadd -g 54326 kmdba
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# groupadd -g 54327 asmdba
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# groupadd -g 54328 asmoper
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# groupadd -g 54329 asmadmin
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# groupadd -g 54330 racdba
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# grep 54[4,3] /etc/group
oinstall:x:54421:
dba:x:54322:
oper:x:54323:
backupdba:x:54324:
dgdba:x:54325:
kmdba:x:54326:
asmdba:x:54327:
asmoper:x:54328:
asmadmin:x:54329:
racdba:x:54330:
 
# 检查并创建用户
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# grep oracle /etc/passwd
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# grep grid /etc/passwd
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# /usr/sbin/useradd -u 54322 -g oinstall -G asmadmin,asmdba,asmoper,racdba grid
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# /usr/sbin/useradd -g oinstall -G dba,asmdba,backupdba,dgdba,kmdba,racdba,oper oracle
 
# 配置用户密码
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# echo "oracle" | passwd --stdin oracle
[root@ora19crac1 ~]#echo "oracle" | passwd --stdin grid
 
# 检查创建完成之后的用户信息
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# grep oracle /etc/passwd
oracle:x:54323:54421::/home/oracle:/bin/bash
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# grep grid /etc/passwd
grid:x:54322:54421::/home/grid:/bin/bash
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# id grid
uid=54322(grid) gid=54421(oinstall) groups=54421(oinstall),54327(asmdba),54329(asmadmin),54330(racdba)
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# id oracle
uid=54323(oracle) gid=54421(oinstall) groups=54421(oinstall),54322(dba),54323(oper),54324(backupdba),54325(dgdba),54326(kmdba),54327(asmdba),54330(racdba)

3.8.         创建目录

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/19.0.0/grid
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/grid
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle

3.9.         给数据库安装目录授权

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# chown -R grid:oinstall /u01
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# chown oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# chmod -R 775 /u01/

3.10.     安装软件包

# 需要安装的软件包信息
setarch binutils compat-libstdc++-33 compat-db compat-libstdc++ compat-gcc elfutils-libelf elfutils-libelf-devel gcc gcc-c++ glibc glibc-common glibc-devel libaio libaio-devel libgcc libstdc++ libstdc++-devel make ksh numactl sysstat libXp unixODBC unixODBC-devel udev
 
# 挂载光盘安装软件
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/
mount: /dev/sr0 is write-protected, mounting read-only
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# yum install -y bc binutils compat-libcap1 compat-libstdc++ elfutils-libelf elfutils-libelf-devel fontconfig-devel glibc glibc-devel ksh libaio libaio-devel libXrender libXrender-devel libX11 libXau libXi libXtst libgcc libstdc++ libstdc++-devel libxcb make net-tools  targetcli smartmontools sysstat gcc gcc-c++ gcc-info gcc-locale gcc48 gcc48-info gcc48-locale gcc48-c++
Loaded plugins: langpacks, product-id, search-disabled-repos, subscription-manager
This system is not registered with an entitlement server. You can use subscription-manager to register.
base                                                                                                    | 2.8 kB  00:00:00     
Package bc-1.06.95-13.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package binutils-2.27-41.base.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
No package compat-libstdc++ available.
Package elfutils-libelf-0.176-2.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package glibc-2.17-292.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libaio-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXrender-0.9.10-1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libX11-1.6.7-2.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXau-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXi-1.7.9-1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXtst-1.2.3-1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libgcc-4.8.5-39.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libstdc++-4.8.5-39.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libxcb-1.13-1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package 1:make-3.82-24.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package net-tools-2.0-0.25.20131004git.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package 1:smartmontools-7.0-1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package sysstat-10.1.5-18.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
No package gcc-info available.
No package gcc-locale available.
No package gcc48 available.
No package gcc48-info available.
No package gcc48-locale available.
No package gcc48-c++ available.
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package compat-libcap1.x86_64 0:1.10-7.el7 will be installed
---> Package elfutils-libelf-devel.x86_64 0:0.176-2.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(zlib) for package: elfutils-libelf-devel-0.176-2.el7.x86_64
---> Package fontconfig-devel.x86_64 0:2.13.0-4.3.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(freetype2) >= 20.0.14 for package: fontconfig-devel-2.13.0-4.3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: freetype-devel >= 2.8-7 for package: fontconfig-devel-2.13.0-4.3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(uuid) for package: fontconfig-devel-2.13.0-4.3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(expat) for package: fontconfig-devel-2.13.0-4.3.el7.x86_64
---> Package gcc.x86_64 0:4.8.5-39.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: cpp = 4.8.5-39.el7 for package: gcc-4.8.5-39.el7.x86_64
---> Package gcc-c++.x86_64 0:4.8.5-39.el7 will be installed
---> Package glibc-devel.x86_64 0:2.17-292.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: glibc-headers = 2.17-292.el7 for package: glibc-devel-2.17-292.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: glibc-headers for package: glibc-devel-2.17-292.el7.x86_64
---> Package ksh.x86_64 0:20120801-139.el7 will be installed
---> Package libXrender-devel.x86_64 0:0.9.10-1.el7 will be installed
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---> Package libstdc++-devel.x86_64 0:4.8.5-39.el7 will be installed
---> Package targetcli.noarch 0:2.1.fb49-1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: python-rtslib >= 2.1.fb41 for package: targetcli-2.1.fb49-1.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: python-configshell for package: targetcli-2.1.fb49-1.el7.noarch
--> Running transaction check
---> Package cpp.x86_64 0:4.8.5-39.el7 will be installed
---> Package expat-devel.x86_64 0:2.1.0-10.el7_3 will be installed
---> Package freetype-devel.x86_64 0:2.8-14.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(libpng) for package: freetype-devel-2.8-14.el7.x86_64
---> Package glibc-headers.x86_64 0:2.17-292.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: kernel-headers >= 2.2.1 for package: glibc-headers-2.17-292.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: kernel-headers for package: glibc-headers-2.17-292.el7.x86_64
---> Package libuuid-devel.x86_64 0:2.23.2-61.el7 will be installed
---> Package python-configshell.noarch 1:1.1.fb25-1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: python-urwid for package: 1:python-configshell-1.1.fb25-1.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: pyparsing for package: 1:python-configshell-1.1.fb25-1.el7.noarch
---> Package python-rtslib.noarch 0:2.1.fb69-3.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: python-kmod for package: python-rtslib-2.1.fb69-3.el7.noarch
---> Package zlib-devel.x86_64 0:1.2.7-18.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
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---> Package libpng-devel.x86_64 2:1.5.13-7.el7_2 will be installed
---> Package pyparsing.noarch 0:1.5.6-9.el7 will be installed
---> Package python-kmod.x86_64 0:0.9-4.el7 will be installed
---> Package python-urwid.x86_64 0:1.1.1-3.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution
 
Dependencies Resolved
 
===============================================================================================================================
 Package                                Arch                    Version                            Repository             Size
===============================================================================================================================
Installing:
 compat-libcap1                         x86_64                  1.10-7.el7                         base                   19 k
 elfutils-libelf-devel                  x86_64                  0.176-2.el7                        base                   39 k
 fontconfig-devel                       x86_64                  2.13.0-4.3.el7                     base                  138 k
 gcc                                    x86_64                  4.8.5-39.el7                       base                   16 M
 gcc-c++                                x86_64                  4.8.5-39.el7                       base                  7.2 M
 glibc-devel                            x86_64                  2.17-292.el7                       base                  1.1 M
 ksh                                    x86_64                  20120801-139.el7                   base                  885 k
 libXrender-devel                       x86_64                  0.9.10-1.el7                       base                   17 k
 libaio-devel                           x86_64                  0.3.109-13.el7                     base                   13 k
 libstdc++-devel                        x86_64                  4.8.5-39.el7                       base                  1.5 M
 targetcli                              noarch                  2.1.fb49-1.el7                     base                   68 k
Installing for dependencies:
 cpp                                    x86_64                  4.8.5-39.el7                       base                  6.0 M
 expat-devel                            x86_64                  2.1.0-10.el7_3                     base                   57 k
 freetype-devel                         x86_64                  2.8-14.el7                         base                  447 k
 glibc-headers                          x86_64                  2.17-292.el7                       base                  687 k
 kernel-headers                         x86_64                  3.10.0-1062.el7                    base                  8.7 M
 libpng-devel                           x86_64                  2:1.5.13-7.el7_2                   base                  122 k
 libuuid-devel                          x86_64                  2.23.2-61.el7                      base                   92 k
 pyparsing                              noarch                  1.5.6-9.el7                        base                   94 k
 python-configshell                     noarch                  1:1.1.fb25-1.el7                   base                   68 k
 python-kmod                            x86_64                  0.9-4.el7                          base                   57 k
 python-rtslib                          noarch                  2.1.fb69-3.el7                     base                  102 k
 python-urwid                           x86_64                  1.1.1-3.el7                        base                  654 k
 zlib-devel                             x86_64                  1.2.7-18.el7                       base                   50 k
 
Transaction Summary
===============================================================================================================================
Install  11 Packages (+13 Dependent packages)
 
Total download size: 44 M
Installed size: 95 M
Downloading packages:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                           82 MB/s |  44 MB  00:00:00     
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : zlib-devel-1.2.7-18.el7.x86_64                                                                             1/24 
  Installing : 2:libpng-devel-1.5.13-7.el7_2.x86_64                                                                       2/24 
  Installing : freetype-devel-2.8-14.el7.x86_64                                                                           3/24 
  Installing : cpp-4.8.5-39.el7.x86_64                                                                                    4/24 
  Installing : python-kmod-0.9-4.el7.x86_64                                                                               5/24 
  Installing : python-rtslib-2.1.fb69-3.el7.noarch                                                                        6/24 
  Installing : python-urwid-1.1.1-3.el7.x86_64                                                                            7/24 
  Installing : libstdc++-devel-4.8.5-39.el7.x86_64                                                                        8/24 
  Installing : expat-devel-2.1.0-10.el7_3.x86_64                                                                          9/24 
  Installing : pyparsing-1.5.6-9.el7.noarch                                                                              10/24 
  Installing : 1:python-configshell-1.1.fb25-1.el7.noarch                                                                11/24 
  Installing : kernel-headers-3.10.0-1062.el7.x86_64                                                                     12/24 
  Installing : glibc-headers-2.17-292.el7.x86_64                                                                         13/24 
  Installing : glibc-devel-2.17-292.el7.x86_64                                                                           14/24 
  Installing : gcc-4.8.5-39.el7.x86_64                                                                                   15/24 
  Installing : libuuid-devel-2.23.2-61.el7.x86_64                                                                        16/24 
  Installing : fontconfig-devel-2.13.0-4.3.el7.x86_64                                                                    17/24 
  Installing : gcc-c++-4.8.5-39.el7.x86_64                                                                               18/24 
  Installing : targetcli-2.1.fb49-1.el7.noarch                                                                           19/24 
  Installing : elfutils-libelf-devel-0.176-2.el7.x86_64                                                                  20/24 
  Installing : libaio-devel-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64                                                                        21/24 
  Installing : compat-libcap1-1.10-7.el7.x86_64                                                                          22/24 
  Installing : ksh-20120801-139.el7.x86_64                                                                               23/24 
  Installing : libXrender-devel-0.9.10-1.el7.x86_64                                                                      24/24 
  Verifying  : 2:libpng-devel-1.5.13-7.el7_2.x86_64                                                                       1/24 
  Verifying  : libuuid-devel-2.23.2-61.el7.x86_64                                                                         2/24 
  Verifying  : kernel-headers-3.10.0-1062.el7.x86_64                                                                      3/24 
  Verifying  : gcc-4.8.5-39.el7.x86_64                                                                                    4/24 
  Verifying  : pyparsing-1.5.6-9.el7.noarch                                                                               5/24 
  Verifying  : expat-devel-2.1.0-10.el7_3.x86_64                                                                          6/24 
  Verifying  : fontconfig-devel-2.13.0-4.3.el7.x86_64                                                                     7/24 
  Verifying  : zlib-devel-1.2.7-18.el7.x86_64                                                                             8/24 
  Verifying  : targetcli-2.1.fb49-1.el7.noarch                                                                            9/24 
  Verifying  : freetype-devel-2.8-14.el7.x86_64                                                                          10/24 
  Verifying  : libstdc++-devel-4.8.5-39.el7.x86_64                                                                       11/24 
  Verifying  : libXrender-devel-0.9.10-1.el7.x86_64                                                                      12/24 
  Verifying  : python-urwid-1.1.1-3.el7.x86_64                                                                           13/24 
  Verifying  : ksh-20120801-139.el7.x86_64                                                                               14/24 
  Verifying  : gcc-c++-4.8.5-39.el7.x86_64                                                                               15/24 
  Verifying  : elfutils-libelf-devel-0.176-2.el7.x86_64                                                                  16/24 
  Verifying  : compat-libcap1-1.10-7.el7.x86_64                                                                          17/24 
  Verifying  : libaio-devel-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64                                                                        18/24 
  Verifying  : 1:python-configshell-1.1.fb25-1.el7.noarch                                                                19/24 
  Verifying  : python-kmod-0.9-4.el7.x86_64                                                                              20/24 
  Verifying  : glibc-devel-2.17-292.el7.x86_64                                                                           21/24 
  Verifying  : cpp-4.8.5-39.el7.x86_64                                                                                   22/24 
  Verifying  : python-rtslib-2.1.fb69-3.el7.noarch                                                                       23/24 
  Verifying  : glibc-headers-2.17-292.el7.x86_64                                                                         24/24 
 
Installed:
  compat-libcap1.x86_64 0:1.10-7.el7     elfutils-libelf-devel.x86_64 0:0.176-2.el7  fontconfig-devel.x86_64 0:2.13.0-4.3.el7 
  gcc.x86_64 0:4.8.5-39.el7              gcc-c++.x86_64 0:4.8.5-39.el7               glibc-devel.x86_64 0:2.17-292.el7        
  ksh.x86_64 0:20120801-139.el7          libXrender-devel.x86_64 0:0.9.10-1.el7      libaio-devel.x86_64 0:0.3.109-13.el7     
  libstdc++-devel.x86_64 0:4.8.5-39.el7  targetcli.noarch 0:2.1.fb49-1.el7          
 
Dependency Installed:
  cpp.x86_64 0:4.8.5-39.el7              expat-devel.x86_64 0:2.1.0-10.el7_3       freetype-devel.x86_64 0:2.8-14.el7          
  glibc-headers.x86_64 0:2.17-292.el7    kernel-headers.x86_64 0:3.10.0-1062.el7   libpng-devel.x86_64 2:1.5.13-7.el7_2        
  libuuid-devel.x86_64 0:2.23.2-61.el7   pyparsing.noarch 0:1.5.6-9.el7            python-configshell.noarch 1:1.1.fb25-1.el7  
  python-kmod.x86_64 0:0.9-4.el7         python-rtslib.noarch 0:2.1.fb69-3.el7     python-urwid.x86_64 0:1.1.1-3.el7           
  zlib-devel.x86_64 0:1.2.7-18.el7      
 
Complete!

3.11.     单独手工安装compat-libstdc++

[root@ora19crac2 ~]# ls
compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.x86_64.rpm
 
[root@ora19crac2 ~]# rpm -ivh compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.x86_64.rpm 
warning: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID ec551f03: NOKEY
Preparing...                          ################################# [100%]
Updating / installing...
   1:compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6 ################################# [100%]
 
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# rpm -ivh compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.x86_64.rpm 
warning: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID ec551f03: NOKEY
Preparing...                          ################################# [100%]
Updating / installing...
   1:compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6 ################################# [100%]

3.12.     检查已安装的软件包

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# rpm -qa bc binutils compat-libcap1 compat-libstdc++ elfutils-libelf elfutils-libelf-devel fontconfig-devel glibc glibc-devel ksh libaio libaio-devel libXrender libXrender-devel libX11 libXau libXi libXtst libgcc libstdc++ libstdc++-devel libxcb make net-tools  targetcli smartmontools sysstat gcc gcc-c++ gcc-info gcc-locale gcc48 gcc48-info gcc48-locale gcc48-c++
libXtst-1.2.3-1.el7.x86_64
net-tools-2.0-0.25.20131004git.el7.x86_64
targetcli-2.1.fb49-1.el7.noarch
binutils-2.27-41.base.el7.x86_64
libaio-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64
libXrender-0.9.10-1.el7.x86_64
libstdc++-devel-4.8.5-39.el7.x86_64
libXau-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64
libXrender-devel-0.9.10-1.el7.x86_64
glibc-2.17-292.el7.x86_64
elfutils-libelf-0.176-2.el7.x86_64
libxcb-1.13-1.el7.x86_64
libX11-1.6.7-2.el7.x86_64
libXi-1.7.9-1.el7.x86_64
fontconfig-devel-2.13.0-4.3.el7.x86_64
libaio-devel-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64
libgcc-4.8.5-39.el7.x86_64
libstdc++-4.8.5-39.el7.x86_64
bc-1.06.95-13.el7.x86_64
glibc-devel-2.17-292.el7.x86_64
gcc-c++-4.8.5-39.el7.x86_64
compat-libcap1-1.10-7.el7.x86_64
sysstat-10.1.5-18.el7.x86_64
make-3.82-24.el7.x86_64
gcc-4.8.5-39.el7.x86_64
ksh-20120801-139.el7.x86_64
smartmontools-7.0-1.el7.x86_64
elfutils-libelf-devel-0.176-2.el7.x86_64
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# rpm -qa --queryformat "%{NAME}-%{VERSION}-%{RELEASE} (%{ARCH})\n"  bc binutils compat-libcap1 compat-libstdc++ elfutils-libelf elfutils-libelf-devel fontconfig-devel glibc glibc-devel ksh libaio libaio-devel libXrender libXrender-devel libX11 libXau libXi libXtst libgcc libstdc++ libstdc++-devel libxcb make net-tools  targetcli smartmontools sysstat gcc gcc-c++ gcc-info gcc-locale gcc48 gcc48-info gcc48-locale gcc48-c++
libXtst-1.2.3-1.el7 (x86_64)
net-tools-2.0-0.25.20131004git.el7 (x86_64)
targetcli-2.1.fb49-1.el7 (noarch)
binutils-2.27-41.base.el7 (x86_64)
libaio-0.3.109-13.el7 (x86_64)
libXrender-0.9.10-1.el7 (x86_64)
libstdc++-devel-4.8.5-39.el7 (x86_64)
libXau-1.0.8-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libXrender-devel-0.9.10-1.el7 (x86_64)
glibc-2.17-292.el7 (x86_64)
elfutils-libelf-0.176-2.el7 (x86_64)
libxcb-1.13-1.el7 (x86_64)
libX11-1.6.7-2.el7 (x86_64)
libXi-1.7.9-1.el7 (x86_64)
fontconfig-devel-2.13.0-4.3.el7 (x86_64)
libaio-devel-0.3.109-13.el7 (x86_64)
libgcc-4.8.5-39.el7 (x86_64)
libstdc++-4.8.5-39.el7 (x86_64)
bc-1.06.95-13.el7 (x86_64)
glibc-devel-2.17-292.el7 (x86_64)
gcc-c++-4.8.5-39.el7 (x86_64)
compat-libcap1-1.10-7.el7 (x86_64)
sysstat-10.1.5-18.el7 (x86_64)
make-3.82-24.el7 (x86_64)
gcc-4.8.5-39.el7 (x86_64)
ksh-20120801-139.el7 (x86_64)
smartmontools-7.0-1.el7 (x86_64)
elfutils-libelf-devel-0.176-2.el7 (x86_64)

3.13.     编辑hosts文件

cat >> /etc/hosts <<EOF
 
#public
192.168.84.91      ora19crac1
192.168.84.92      ora19crac2
 
#public-vip
192.168.84.93      ora19crac1-vip
192.168.84.94      ora19crac2-vip
 
#prive-ip
90.90.90.1         ora19crac1-priv
90.90.90.2         ora19crac2-priv
 
#scan-ip
192.168.90.15      scan-ora19cracdb
EOF

3.14. 配置ZEROCONF

cat “NOZEROCONF=yes” >> /etc/sysconfig/network

3.15. 修改系统内核参数

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# cat >> /etc/sysctl.conf <<EOF
> kernel.shmall = 4294967296
> kernel.sem = 510 65280 510 128
> kernel.shmmni = 4096
> kernel.shmmax = 137438953472
> net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
> net.core.rmem_default = 1048576
> net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
> net.core.wmem_default = 262144
> net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
> fs.file-max = 6815744
> fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
> vm.swappiness = 0
> vm.dirty_background_ratio = 3
> vm.dirty_ratio = 80
> vm.dirty_expire_centisecs = 500
> vm.dirty_writeback_centisecs = 100
> net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 0
> net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0
> net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 0
> net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 262144
> net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4194304
> EOF

3.16. 配置LIMITS限制参数

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# cat >> /etc/security/limits.conf <<EOF
> oracle          soft    nproc           2047
> oracle          hard    nproc           16384
> oracle          soft    nofile          65536
> oracle          hard    nofile          65536
> oracle          soft    memlock         3145728
> oracle          hard    memlock         3145728
> oracle          soft    stack           10240
> oracle          hard    stack           32768
 
> grid          soft    nproc           2047
> grid          hard    nproc           16384
> grid          soft    nofile          65536
> grid          hard    nofile          65536
> grid          soft    memlock         3145728
> grid          hard    memlock         3145728
> grid          soft    stack           10240
> grid          hard    stack           32768
> #signaturelevin
> EOF

3.17. 配置系统环境变量

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# cat >> /etc/profile <<EOF
if [ \$USER = "oracle" ]||[ \$USER = "grid" ] ; then    
    if [ \$SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
        ulimit -p 16384
        ulimit -n 65536
    else
        ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
    fi
fi
EOF

3.18. 配置root用户环境变量

cat >> /root/.bash_profile <<EOF
export
export CVUQDISK_GRP=oinstall
EOF
source .bash_profile

3.19.     配置grid用户环境变量

cat >> /home/grid/.bash_profile <<EOF
export TMP=/tmp
export TMPDIR=\$TMP
export EDIT=vi
alias  vi=vim
export ORACLE_SID=+ASM1
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/grid
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/19.3.0/grid
export PATH=\$ORACLE_HOME/bin:\$PATH
export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA AL32UTF16
umask 022
EOF

3.20.     配置oracle用户环境变量

cat >> /home/oracle/.bash_profile <<EOF
export TMP=/tmp
export TMPDIR=\$TMP
export EDIT=vi
alias  vi=vim
export ORACLE_HOSTNAME=$HOSTNAME
export ORACLE_UNQNAME=woo19c
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle/
export ORACLE_HOME=\$ORACLE_BASE/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1
export ORACLE_SID=woo19c1
export ORACLE_TERM=xterm
export PATH=/usr/sbin:\$PATH
export PATH=\$ORACLE_HOME/bin:\$PATH
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=\$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib
export CLASSPATH=\$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:\$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:\$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib
export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA AL32UTF16
umask 022
EOF

3.21. 关闭THP和NUMA

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# echo "transparent_hugepage=never numa=off" >> /etc/default/grub 
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg 
Generating grub configuration file ...
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-3.10.0-1062.el7.x86_64
Found initrd image: /boot/initramfs-3.10.0-1062.el7.x86_64.img
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-0-rescue-7f68dbd79736467598cec06d8045a487
Found initrd image: /boot/initramfs-0-rescue-7f68dbd79736467598cec06d8045a487.img
done
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/efi/EFI/redhat/grub.cfg
Generating grub configuration file ...
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-3.10.0-1062.el7.x86_64
Found initrd image: /boot/initramfs-3.10.0-1062.el7.x86_64.img
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-0-rescue-7f68dbd79736467598cec06d8045a487
Found initrd image: /boot/initramfs-0-rescue-7f68dbd79736467598cec06d8045a487.img
done

3.22. 禁用avahi

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# systemctl stop avahi-dnsconfd
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# systemctl stop avahi-daemon
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# systemctl disable avahi-dnsconfd
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# systemctl disable avahi-daemon

3.23.     磁盘规划

3.23.1.     创建分区

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# echo -e "n\np\n1\n\n\nw" | fdisk /dev/sdb
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# echo -e "n\np\n1\n\n\nw" | fdisk /dev/sdc
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# echo -e "n\np\n1\n\n\nw" | fdisk /dev/sdd
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# echo -e "n\np\n1\n\n\nw" | fdisk /dev/sde
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# fdisk -l |grep "/dev/sd" |grep -v sda |sort
/dev/sdb1            2048     2097151     1047552   83  Linux
/dev/sdc1            2048     2097151     1047552   83  Linux
/dev/sdd1            2048     2097151     1047552   83  Linux
/dev/sde1            2048     6291455     3144704   83  Linux
/dev/sdf1            2048    10485759     5241856   83  Linux
Disk /dev/sdb: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes, 2097152 sectors
Disk /dev/sdc: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes, 2097152 sectors
Disk /dev/sdd: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes, 2097152 sectors
Disk /dev/sde: 3221 MB, 3221225472 bytes, 6291456 sectors
Disk /dev/sdf: 5368 MB, 5368709120 bytes, 10485760 sectors 
[root@ora19crac2 ~]# fdisk -l |grep "/dev/sd" |grep -v sda |sort
/dev/sdb1            2048     2097151     1047552   83  Linux
/dev/sdc1            2048     2097151     1047552   83  Linux
/dev/sdd1            2048     2097151     1047552   83  Linux
/dev/sde1            2048     6291455     3144704   83  Linux
/dev/sdf1            2048    10485759     5241856   83  Linux
Disk /dev/sdb: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes, 2097152 sectors
Disk /dev/sdc: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes, 2097152 sectors
Disk /dev/sdd: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes, 2097152 sectors
Disk /dev/sde: 3221 MB, 3221225472 bytes, 6291456 sectors
Disk /dev/sdf: 5368 MB, 5368709120 bytes, 10485760 sectors

3.23.2.   UDEV RedHat 6 手工方法(通用):

cat >> /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules <<EOF
KERNEL=="sdb1", NAME="asm_ocr_1", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sdc1", NAME="asm_ocr_2", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sdd1", NAME="asm_ocr_3", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sde1", NAME="asm_mgmt", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sdf1", NAME="asm_data01", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
EOF
 
cat >> /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules <<EOF
> KERNEL=="sdb1", NAME="asm_ocr_1", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
> KERNEL=="sdc1", NAME="asm_ocr_2", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
> KERNEL=="sdd1", NAME="asm_ocr_3", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
> KERNEL=="sde1", NAME="asm_mgmt", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
> KERNEL=="sdf1", NAME="asm_data01", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
> EOF
 
[root@ora11grac1 ~]# start_udev 
Starting udev: [  OK  ]

3.23.3.   UDEV RedHat 7 手工方法

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# cat >> /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules <<EOF
KERNEL=="sdb1", SYMLINK+="asm_ocr_1", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sdc1", SYMLINK+="asm_ocr_2", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sdd1", SYMLINK+="asm_ocr_3", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sde1", SYMLINK+="asm_mgmt", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sdf1", SYMLINK+="asm_data01", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
EOF
 
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# cat >> /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules <<EOF
KERNEL=="sdb1", SYMLINK+="asm_ocr_1", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sdc1", SYMLINK+="asm_ocr_2", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sdd1", SYMLINK+="asm_ocr_3", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sde1", SYMLINK+="asm_mgmt", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sdf1", SYMLINK+="asm_data01", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
EOF
 
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# /sbin/udevadm trigger --type=devices --action=change
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# /sbin/udevadm control --reload-rules
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# systemctl enable systemd-udevd.service
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# systemctl restart systemd-udevd.service
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# systemctl status systemd-udevd.service
* systemd-udevd.service - udev Kernel Device Manager
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/systemd-udevd.service; static; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Fri 2020-02-28 01:32:10 CST; 9s ago
     Docs: man:systemd-udevd.service(8)
           man:udev(7)
 Main PID: 2414 (systemd-udevd)
   Status: "Processing with 16 children at max"
    Tasks: 1
   CGroup: /system.slice/systemd-udevd.service
           `-2414 /usr/lib/systemd/systemd-udevd
 
Feb 28 01:32:10 ora19crac1 systemd[1]: Starting udev Kernel Device Manager...
Feb 28 01:32:10 ora19crac1 systemd-udevd[2414]: starting version 219
Feb 28 01:32:10 ora19crac1 systemd[1]: Started udev Kernel Device Manager.
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# ls -rtl /dev/asm_* |sort
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 4 Feb 28 01:16 /dev/asm_data01 -> sdf1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 4 Feb 28 01:16 /dev/asm_mgmt -> sde1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 4 Feb 28 01:16 /dev/asm_ocr_1 -> sdb1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 4 Feb 28 01:16 /dev/asm_ocr_2 -> sdc1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 4 Feb 28 01:16 /dev/asm_ocr_3 -> sdd1
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# ls -rtl /dev/sd[b,c,d,e,f]1 |sort
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 17 Feb 28 01:29 /dev/sdb1
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 33 Feb 28 01:29 /dev/sdc1
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 49 Feb 28 01:29 /dev/sdd1
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 65 Feb 28 01:29 /dev/sde1
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 81 Feb 28 01:29 /dev/sdf

3.23.4.   采用的常规配置udev方法

vi  /etc/scsi_id.config
options=-g
 
[root@ydb01 ~]# /usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/sdb1
36000c29a5fe67df9fac43441beb4280f
[root@ydb01 ~]# /usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/sdc1
36000c29474a249ab2c6f9b2977d040b3
[root@ydb01 ~]# /usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/sdd
36000c2925df7736e997e8e6a89865539
[root@ydb01 ~]# /usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/sdb1
36000c29a5fe67df9fac43441beb4280f
[root@ydb01 ~]# /usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/sdc1
36000c29474a249ab2c6f9b2977d040b3
[root@ydb01 ~]# /usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/sdd
36000c2925df7736e997e8e6a89865539
 
vi  /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules
KERNEL=="sd?1", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/usr/lib/udev/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$parent", RESULT=="36000c29a5fe67df9fac43441beb4280f", SYMLINK+="asmdisks/asmdisk01", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
 
KERNEL=="sd?1", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/usr/lib/udev/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$parent", RESULT=="36000c29474a249ab2c6f9b2977d040b3", SYMLINK+="asmdisks/asmdisk02", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
 
KERNEL=="sd?1", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/usr/lib/udev/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$parent", RESULT=="36000c2925df7736e997e8e6a89865539", SYMLINK+="asmdisks/asmdisk03", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
 
KERNEL=="sd?1", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/usr/lib/udev/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$parent", RESULT=="36000c2930898d85d2050c12f7eb96ef9", SYMLINK+="asmdisks/asmdisk04", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
 
[root@ydb01 ~]# partprobe
[root@ydb01 ~]# /sbin/partprobe /dev/sdb1 
[root@ydb01 ~]# /sbin/partprobe /dev/sdc1
[root@ydb01 ~]# /sbin/partprobe /dev/sdd1
[root@ydb01 ~]# /sbin/partprobe /dev/sde1 
[root@ydb01 ~]# ls -alrth /dev/asmdisks/*
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 May  9 16:10 /dev/asmdisks/asmdisk01 -> ../sdb1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 May  9 16:10 /dev/asmdisks/asmdisk02 -> ../sdc1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 May  9 16:10 /dev/asmdisks/asmdisk03 -> ../sdd1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 May  9 16:10 /dev/asmdisks/asmdisk04 -> ../sde1

3.23.5.   UDEV 配置脚本,RedHat 5及之前版本

for i in b c d e f g h i j k ; 
do 
echo "KERNEL==\"sd*\", BUS==\"scsi\", PROGRAM==\"/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p\", RESULT==\"`scsi_id -g -u -s /block/sd$i`\", NAME=\"asm-disk$i\", OWNER=\"grid\", GROUP=\"asmadmin\", MODE=\"0660\"" 
done

以上脚本在Linux 5上都是通用的, 但是有人反映在redhat/Oracle Linux 6以上版本中该脚本失效了。

这是因为:

在OEL6或者RHEL6中,这一切都有所变化。

主要的变化是:
1. scsi_id 的命令语法发生了变化,scsi_id -g -u -s这样的命令不再有效。
2. udevtest 命令已经没有了,整合到了udevadm中。
How to use udev for Oracle ASM in Oracle Linux 6  

下面我提供改良后的脚本,可以在redhat/Oracle Linux 6上生成正确的udev rule 规则文件:

3.23.6.    RedHat 6 环境配置

echo "options=--whitelisted --replace-whitespace"  >> /etc/scsi_id.config
for i in b c d e f ; do echo "KERNEL==\"sd*\", BUS==\"scsi\", PROGRAM==\"/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/\$name\", RESULT==\"`/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/sd$i`\", NAME=\"asm-disk$i\", OWNER=\"grid\", GROUP=\"asmadmin\", MODE=\"0660\""      >> /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules 
done

for i in b c d e f ;
 do
 echo "KERNEL==\"sd*\", BUS==\"scsi\", PROGRAM==\"/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/\$name\", RESULT==\"`/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/sd$i`\", NAME=\"asm-disk$i\", OWNER=\"grid\", GROUP=\"asmadmin\", MODE=\"0660\""      >> /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules
 done

3.23.7.    IBM 多路径的配置

for i in b c d e f g h i j k ;
 do
 echo "ENV{DM_NAME}=="mpath$i\", OWNER:=\"grid\", GROUP:=\"asmadmin\", MODE:=\"0660\",SYMLINK+=\"iscsi/asm-$env{DM-NAME}\""      >> /etc/udev/rules.d/12-dm-permissions.rules
 done

3.23.8.    EMC 多路径的配置

for i in  c d e f g h i
 do  
 echo "KERNEL==\"emcpower*\", BUS==\"scsi\", PROGRAM==\"/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/\$name\", RESULT==\"`/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/emcpower$i`\", NAME=\"asm-disk$i\", OWNER=\"grid\", GROUP=\"asmadmin\", MODE=\"0660\"" 
 
 
done

3.23.9.   让UDEV配置生效:

RedHat 5 and RedHat 6
[root@ora11grac1 ~]# start_udev 
Starting udev: [  OK  ]
 
RedHat 7 
[root@ora19crac2 ~]# /sbin/udevadm trigger --type=devices --action=change
[root@ora19crac2 ~]# /sbin/udevadm control --reload
[root@ora19crac2 ~]# ls -rtl /dev/asm*

3.1.    配置SSH

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# cat >> /etc/ssh/sshd_config <<EOF
 
UseDNS no
LoginGraceTime 0
TCPKeepAlive yes
EOF
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# systemctl restart sshd

一、           安装集群软件

4.1.    解压grid软件

[root@ ora19crac1 ~]$ su – grid
[grid@ora19crac1 ~]$ ls
LINUX.X64_193000_grid_home.zip 
[grid@ora19crac1 ~]$ unzip -q LINUX.X64_193000_grid_home.zip -d $ORACLE_HOME

4.2.    安装CVU

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# export CVUQDISK_GRP=oinstall; 
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# rpm -ivh /u01/app/19.3.0/grid/cv/rpm/cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1.rpm   
Preparing...                          ################################# [100%]
Using default group oinstall to install package
Updating / installing...
   1:cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1                ################################# [100%] 
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# scp /u01/app/19.3.0/grid/cv/rpm/cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1.rpm ora19crac2:~ 
The authenticity of host 'ora19crac2 (192.168.84.92)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:uROvAVicwRVvUmvP5M7/PBlCRSaXy6ZsoV1kRhqDPuw.
ECDSA key fingerprint is MD5:04:9a:af:8c:da:5b:bb:3c:8a:31:30:cb:0c:52:2c:6e.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'ora19crac2,192.168.84.92' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
root@ora19crac2's password: 
cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1.rpm                                                                        100%   11KB   7.8MB/s   00:00                                    
                                  
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# export CVUQDISK_GRP=oinstall;
[root@ora19crac2 ~]# rpm -ivh cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1.rpm 
Preparing...                          ################################# [100%]
Using default group oinstall to install package
Updating / installing...
   1:cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1                ################################# [100%]

4.3.    配置SSH信任

# grid users:
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# /u01/app/19.3.0/grid/oui/prov/resources/scripts/sshUserSetup.sh -user grid  -hosts "ora19crac1 ora19crac2" -advanced exverify 
 
# oracle users:
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# /u01/app/19.3.0/grid/oui/prov/resources/scripts/sshUserSetup.sh -user oracle  -hosts "ora19crac1 ora19crac2" -advanced exverify -confirm

4.4.    验证SSH有效性

# ora19crac1
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# su - oracle
Last login: Fri Feb 28 18:57:27 CST 2020 on pts/1
[oracle@ora19crac1 ~]$ ssh ora19crac2 date
Sat Feb 29 19:58:14 CST 2020
[oracle@ora19crac1 ~]$ exit
Logout
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# su - grid
Last login: Sat Feb 29 19:57:48 CST 2020 on pts/0
[grid@ora19crac1 ~]$ ssh ora19crac2 date
Sat Feb 29 19:58:21 CST 2020
 
# ora19crac2
[root@ora19crac2 ~]# su - oracle
Last login: Fri Feb 28 18:50:26 CST 2020 on pts/0
[oracle@ora19crac2 ~]$ ssh ora19crac1 date
Sat Feb 29 19:59:02 CST 2020
[oracle@ora19crac2 ~]$ exit
Logout
[root@ora19crac2 ~]# su - grid
Last login: Fri Feb 28 18:50:06 CST 2020 on pts/0
[grid@ora19crac2 ~]$ 
[grid@ora19crac2 ~]$ ssh ora19crac1 date
Sat Feb 29 19:59:12 CST 2020

4.5.    安装前环境检查GI

[grid@ora19crac1 ~]$ $ORACLE_HOME/runcluvfy.sh  stage -pre crsinst -n  "ora19crac1,ora19crac2"  -fixup -verbose
 
……
PRVF-5636 : The DNS response time for an unreachable node exceeded "15000" ms on following nodes: ora11grac2,ora11grac1
 
File "/etc/resolv.conf" is not consistent across nodes
 
Check: Time zone consistency 
Result: Time zone consistency check passed
Fixup information has been generated for following node(s):
ora11grac1,ora11grac2
Please run the following script on each node as "root" user to execute the fixups:
'/tmp/CVU_19.0.0_grid/runfixup.sh'
 
Pre-check for cluster services setup was unsuccessful on all the nodes.

4.6.    根据提示修复检查的问题

[grid@ora19crac1 ~]$ /tmp/CVU_11.2.0.4.0_grid/runfixup.sh
Response file being used is :/tmp/CVU_11.2.0.4.0_grid/fixup.response
Enable file being used is :/tmp/CVU_11.2.0.4.0_grid/fixup.enable
Log file location: /tmp/CVU_11.2.0.4.0_grid/orarun.log
uid=510(grid) gid=501(oinstall) groups=501(oinstall),502(dba),503(asmadmin),504(asmdba),505(asmoper)

4.7.    开始安装GI

$ORACLE_HOME/gridSetup.sh -silent -force -noconfig -waitforcompletion -ignorePrereq \
INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory \
SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en,en_GB \
oracle.install.option=CRS_CONFIG \
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/grid \
oracle.install.asm.OSDBA=asmdba \
oracle.install.asm.OSOPER=asmoper \
oracle.install.asm.OSASM=asmadmin \
oracle.install.crs.config.scanType=LOCAL_SCAN \
oracle.install.crs.config.gpnp.scanName=scan-ora19cracdb \                                           #
oracle.install.crs.config.gpnp.scanPort=1521 \                                                       #
oracle.install.crs.config.ClusterConfiguration=STANDALONE \
oracle.install.crs.config.configureAsExtendedCluster=false \
oracle.install.crs.config.clusterName=woo-cluster \                                                   #
oracle.install.crs.config.gpnp.configureGNS=false \
oracle.install.crs.config.autoConfigureClusterNodeVIP=false \
oracle.install.crs.config.clusterNodes=ora19crac1:ora19crac1-vip:HUB,ora19crac2:ora19crac2-vip:HUB \  #
oracle.install.crs.config.networkInterfaceList=ens33:90.90.90.0:5,ens34:192.168.84.0:1 \              #
oracle.install.asm.configureGIMRDataDG=false \
oracle.install.crs.config.useIPMI=false \
oracle.install.asm.storageOption=ASM \
oracle.install.asmOnNAS.configureGIMRDataDG=false \
oracle.install.asm.SYSASMPassword=oracle \
oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.name=OCR_VOT_GP1 \                                                       #
oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.redundancy=normal \                                                      #
oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.AUSize=4 \
oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.disksWithFailureGroupNames=/dev/asmdisks/asm_ocr_1,,/dev/asmdisks/asm_ocr_2,,/dev/asmdisks/asm_ocr_3, \   #
oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.disks=/dev/asmdisks/asm_ocr_1,/dev/asmdisks/asm_ocr_2,/dev/asmdisks/asm_ocr_3 \                           #
oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.diskDiscoveryString=/dev/asmdisks/asm_* \                                #
oracle.install.asm.configureAFD=false \
oracle.install.asm.monitorPassword=oracle \
oracle.install.crs.configureRHPS=false \
oracle.install.crs.config.ignoreDownNodes=false \
oracle.install.config.managementOption=NONE \
oracle.install.config.omsPort=0 \
oracle.install.crs.rootconfig.executeRootScript=false

4.8.    节点一 执行root脚本

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh

Changing permissions of /u01/app/oraInventory.

Adding read,write permissions for group.

Removing read,write,execute permissions for world.

Changing groupname of /u01/app/oraInventory to oinstall.

The execution of the script is complete.

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# /u01/app/19.3.0/grid/root.sh

Performing root user operation.

The following environment variables are set as:

    ORACLE_OWNER= grid

    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/19.3.0/grid

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]:

   Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin …

   Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin …

   Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin …

Creating /etc/oratab file…

Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by

Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created

Finished running generic part of root script.

Now product-specific root actions will be performed.

Relinking oracle with rac_on option

Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/19.3.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params

The log of current session can be found at:

  /u01/app/grid/crsdata/ora19crac1/crsconfig/rootcrs_ora19crac1_2020-03-01_00-27-15AM.log

2020/03/01 00:27:27 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 1 of 19: ‘SetupTFA’.

2020/03/01 00:27:27 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 2 of 19: ‘ValidateEnv’.

2020/03/01 00:27:27 CLSRSC-363: User ignored prerequisites during installation

2020/03/01 00:27:27 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 3 of 19: ‘CheckFirstNode’.

2020/03/01 00:27:32 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 4 of 19: ‘GenSiteGUIDs’.

2020/03/01 00:27:33 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 5 of 19: ‘SetupOSD’.

2020/03/01 00:27:33 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 6 of 19: ‘CheckCRSConfig’.

2020/03/01 00:27:34 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 7 of 19: ‘SetupLocalGPNP’.

2020/03/01 00:28:11 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 8 of 19: ‘CreateRootCert’.

2020/03/01 00:28:12 CLSRSC-4002: Successfully installed Oracle Trace File Analyzer (TFA) Collector.

2020/03/01 00:28:16 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 9 of 19: ‘ConfigOLR’.

2020/03/01 00:28:31 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 10 of 19: ‘ConfigCHMOS’.

2020/03/01 00:28:31 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 11 of 19: ‘CreateOHASD’.

2020/03/01 00:28:37 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 12 of 19: ‘ConfigOHASD’.

2020/03/01 00:28:37 CLSRSC-330: Adding Clusterware entries to file ‘oracle-ohasd.service’

2020/03/01 00:30:02 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 13 of 19: ‘InstallAFD’.

2020/03/01 00:31:08 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 14 of 19: ‘InstallACFS’.

2020/03/01 00:32:18 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 15 of 19: ‘InstallKA’.

2020/03/01 00:32:24 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 16 of 19: ‘InitConfig’.

[INFO] [DBT-30161] Disk label(s) created successfully. Check /u01/app/grid/cfgtoollogs/asmca/asmca-200301AM123258.log for details.

2020/03/01 00:39:40 CLSRSC-482: Running command: ‘/u01/app/19.3.0/grid/bin/ocrconfig -upgrade grid oinstall’

CRS-4256: Updating the profile

Successful addition of voting disk cbcea46f7b764fccbfd884da8c453995.

Successful addition of voting disk e8c22109d62c4fb9bfd3f3e3e36413c8.

Successful addition of voting disk 67f8dc6671954fe9bf7b802eeb63f8ca.

Successfully replaced voting disk group with +OCR_VOT_GP1.

CRS-4256: Updating the profile

CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced

##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group

—  —–    —————–                ——— ———

 1. ONLINE   cbcea46f7b764fccbfd884da8c453995 (AFD:OCR_VOT_GP11) [OCR_VOT_GP1]

 2. ONLINE   e8c22109d62c4fb9bfd3f3e3e36413c8 (AFD:OCR_VOT_GP12) [OCR_VOT_GP1]

 3. ONLINE   67f8dc6671954fe9bf7b802eeb63f8ca (AFD:OCR_VOT_GP13) [OCR_VOT_GP1]

Located 3 voting disk(s).

2020/03/01 00:41:33 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 17 of 19: ‘StartCluster’.

2020/03/01 00:47:10 CLSRSC-343: Successfully started Oracle Clusterware stack

2020/03/01 00:47:10 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 18 of 19: ‘ConfigNode’.

2020/03/01 01:11:14 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 19 of 19: ‘PostConfig’.

2020/03/01 01:12:47 CLSRSC-325: Configure Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster … succeeded

4.9.    节点二执行root脚本

[root@ora19crac2 ~]# /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
Changing permissions of /u01/app/oraInventory.
Adding read,write permissions for group.
Removing read,write,execute permissions for world.
 
Changing groupname of /u01/app/oraInventory to oinstall.
The execution of the script is complete.
 
[root@ora19crac1 ~]# /u01/app/19.3.0/grid/root.sh
[root@ora19crac2 ~]# /u01/app/19.3.0/grid/root.sh
Performing root user operation.
 
The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= grid
    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/19.3.0/grid
 
Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]: 
   Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...
 
 
Creating /etc/oratab file...
Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.
Relinking oracle with rac_on option
Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/19.3.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params
The log of current session can be found at:
  /u01/app/grid/crsdata/ora19crac2/crsconfig/rootcrs_ora19crac2_2020-03-01_01-17-59AM.log
2020/03/01 01:18:05 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 1 of 19: 'SetupTFA'.
2020/03/01 01:18:05 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 2 of 19: 'ValidateEnv'.
2020/03/01 01:18:05 CLSRSC-363: User ignored prerequisites during installation
2020/03/01 01:18:05 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 3 of 19: 'CheckFirstNode'.
2020/03/01 01:18:08 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 4 of 19: 'GenSiteGUIDs'.
2020/03/01 01:18:08 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 5 of 19: 'SetupOSD'.
2020/03/01 01:18:08 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 6 of 19: 'CheckCRSConfig'.
2020/03/01 01:18:09 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 7 of 19: 'SetupLocalGPNP'.
2020/03/01 01:18:12 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 8 of 19: 'CreateRootCert'.
2020/03/01 01:18:12 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 9 of 19: 'ConfigOLR'.
2020/03/01 01:18:23 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 10 of 19: 'ConfigCHMOS'.
2020/03/01 01:18:24 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 11 of 19: 'CreateOHASD'.
2020/03/01 01:18:27 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 12 of 19: 'ConfigOHASD'.
2020/03/01 01:18:28 CLSRSC-330: Adding Clusterware entries to file 'oracle-ohasd.service'
2020/03/01 01:18:44 CLSRSC-4002: Successfully installed Oracle Trace File Analyzer (TFA) Collector.
2020/03/01 01:19:54 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 13 of 19: 'InstallAFD'.
2020/03/01 01:20:57 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 14 of 19: 'InstallACFS'.
2020/03/01 01:22:23 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 15 of 19: 'InstallKA'.
2020/03/01 01:22:25 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 16 of 19: 'InitConfig'.
2020/03/01 01:22:36 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 17 of 19: 'StartCluster'.
2020/03/01 01:23:45 CLSRSC-343: Successfully started Oracle Clusterware stack
2020/03/01 01:23:45 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 18 of 19: 'ConfigNode'.
2020/03/01 01:24:21 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 19 of 19: 'PostConfig'.
2020/03/01 01:25:03 CLSRSC-325: Configure Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster ... succeeded
Error 4 opening dom ASM/Self in 0xb2ac810
Domain name to open is ASM/Self 
Error 4 opening dom ASM/Self in 0xb2ac810

4.10. 创建ASM磁盘组

create diskgroup DATA_GP01 external redundancy disk '/dev/asmdisks/asm_data01' ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.rdbms' = '19.0', 'compatible.asm' = '19.0';
create diskgroup FRA_GP01 external redundancy disk '/dev/asmdisks/asm_fra01'  ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.rdbms' = '19.0', 'compatible.asm' = '19.0';
srvctl start diskgroup -diskgroup data
srvctl start diskgroup -diskgroup fra
alter diskgroup all mount;

二、       安装数据库软件

5.1.    解压 DB

[root@ora19crac1 grid]# su - oracle
Last login: Fri Feb 28 18:46:58 CST 2020 on pts/0
[oracle@ora19crac1 ~]$ ls
LINUX.X64_193000_db_home.zip
[oracle@ora19crac1 ~]$ unzip -q LINUX.X64_193000_db_home.zip -d $ORACLE_HOME
checkdir:  cannot create extraction directory: /u01/app/oracle//product/19.3.0/dbhome_1
           No such file or directory
 
[oracle@ora19crac2 ~]$ mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle//product/19.3.0/dbhome_1
[oracle@ora19crac1 ~]$ unzip -q LINUX.X64_193000_db_home.zip -d $ORACLE_HOME

5.2.    安装数据库

$ORACLE_HOME/runInstaller -silent  -force -noconfig  -ignorePrereq \
oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY \
UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall \
INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory \
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle \
ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1 \
oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE \
oracle.install.db.OSDBA_GROUP=dba \
oracle.install.db.OSOPER_GROUP=oper \
oracle.install.db.OSBACKUPDBA_GROUP=backupdba \
oracle.install.db.OSDGDBA_GROUP=dgdba \
oracle.install.db.OSKMDBA_GROUP=kmdba \
oracle.install.db.OSRACDBA_GROUP=racdba \
oracle.install.db.CLUSTER_NODES=ora19crac1,ora19crac2 \
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.type=GENERAL_PURPOSE
$ORACLE_HOME/runInstaller -silent  -force -noconfig  -ignorePrereq oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1 oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE oracle.install.db.OSDBA_GROUP=dba oracle.install.db.OSOPER_GROUP=oper oracle.install.db.OSBACKUPDBA_GROUP=backupdba oracle.install.db.OSDGDBA_GROUP=dgdba oracle.install.db.OSKMDBA_GROUP=kmdba oracle.install.db.OSRACDBA_GROUP=racdba oracle.install.db.CLUSTER_NODES=ora19crac1,ora19crac2 oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.type=GENERAL_PURPOSE

5.3.    执行root.sh脚本

[root@ora19crac1 ~]# /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1/root.sh
Performing root user operation.
 
The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= oracle
    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1
 
Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]: 
The contents of "dbhome" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
The contents of "oraenv" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
The contents of "coraenv" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
 
Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed. 
 
[root@ora19crac2 ~]# /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1/root.sh
Performing root user operation.
 
The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= oracle
    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1
 
Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]: 
The contents of "dbhome" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
The contents of "oraenv" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
The contents of "coraenv" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
 
Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.

三、      完成安装

6.1.         检查集群状态

[grid@ora19crac1 ~]$ crsctl status res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name           Target  State        Server                   State details       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac1               STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac2               STABLE
ora.chad
               ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac1               STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac2               STABLE
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac1               STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac2               STABLE
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac1               STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac2               STABLE
ora.proxy_advm
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      ora19crac1               STABLE
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      ora19crac2               STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr(ora.asmgroup)
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac1               STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac2               STABLE
      3        ONLINE  OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.DATA_GP01.dg(ora.asmgroup)
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac1               STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac2               STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.FRA_GP01.dg(ora.asmgroup)
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac1               STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac2               STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac1               STABLE
ora.OCR_VOT_GP1.dg(ora.asmgroup)
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac1               STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac2               STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.asm(ora.asmgroup)
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac1               Started,STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac2               Started,STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.asmnet1.asmnetwork(ora.asmgroup)
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac1               STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac2               STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac1               STABLE
ora.ora19crac1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac1               STABLE
ora.ora19crac2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac2               STABLE
ora.qosmserver
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac1               STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac1               STABLE
ora.woo.db
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac1               Open,HOME=/u01/app/o
                                                             racle/product/19.3.0
                                                             /dbhome_1,STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       ora19crac2               Open,HOME=/u01/app/o
                                                             racle/product/19.3.0
                                                             /dbhome_1,STABLE
-------------------------------------------------------------------------

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