19c(19.3) RPM方式单机数据库安装

https://www.luas.gov.my/kms/lifre/2061 http://anabarranco.com/?author=3 文章标题:19c(19.3) RPM方式单机数据库安装
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一、           环境介绍

操作系统Red Hat Enterprise Linux   Server release 7.7 (Maipo)
数据库版本Oracle database 19.3
主机名adg19c
IP地址192.168.84.99
安装目录/DBSoft/oracle/product/19.3/dbhome_1
数据库名称woo
字符集AL32UTF8

二、           环境准备

2.1.   关闭防火墙

http://avm.si/468-ph84842-chloroquine-buy-online-canada.html [root@adg19c ~]# systemctl stop firewalld
[root@adg19c ~]# systemctl disable firewalld
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/firewalld.service.
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.fedoraproject.FirewallD1.service.

2.2.   禁用NetworkManager服务

hidroxicloroquina plaquenil precio [root@adg19c ~]# systemctl stop NetworkManager
[root@adg19c ~]# systemctl disable NetworkManager

2.3.   禁用SELINUX

[root@adg19c ~]# setenforce 0
setenforce: SELinux is disabled
[root@adg19c ~]# sed -i "/^SELINUX=/s#enforcing#disabled#" /etc/selinux/config

2.4.   配置HOSTS解析

[root@adg19c ~]# cat >> /etc/hosts <<EOF

> 192.168.84.99         adg19c
> EOF

2.5.   修改主机名

[root@adg19c ~]#sed -i 's#^HOSTNAME=.*$#HOSTNAME=db01#' /etc/sysconfig/network
[root@adg19c ~]# sed -i 's#^NETWORKING_IPV6=.*$#NETWORKING_IPV6=no#' /etc/sysconfig/network

2.6.   配置NOZEROCONFIG

[root@adg19c ~]# cat >> /etc/sysconfig/network <<EOF
> NOZEROCONF=yes
> EOF

2.7.   配置yum环境

[root@adg19c ~]# cat > /etc/yum.repos.d/local.repo <<EOF
> [base]
> name=base
> baseurl=file:///mnt
> enabled=1
> gpgcheck=0
> multilib_policy=all
> EOF
[root@adg19c ~]# yum clean all && yum makecache
Loaded plugins: product-id, search-disabled-repos, subscription-manager
This system is not registered with an entitlement server. You can use subscription-manager to register.
Cleaning repos: base

2.8.   上传并安装compat-libstdc++

[root@adg19c ~]# rpm -ivh /home/oracle/compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.x86_64.rpm 
warning: /home/oracle/compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID ec551f03: NOKEY
Preparing...                          ################################# [100%]
Updating / installing...
   1:compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6 ################################# [100%]

注意:这个包在RHEL 7的环境中没有,需要单独下载后手工安装。

三、           安装数据库

 3.1.     预安装

[root@localhost ~]# ls -rtl
total 2631532
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root      18204 Apr 10 01:41 oracle-database-preinstall-19c-1.0-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 2694664264 Apr 10 01:42 oracle-database-ee-19c-1.0-1.x86_64.rpm
 
[root@localhost ~]# yum localinstall -y oracle-database-preinstall-19c-1.0-1.el7.x86_64.rpm 
Loaded plugins: ulninfo
Examining oracle-database-preinstall-19c-1.0-1.el7.x86_64.rpm: oracle-database-preinstall-19c-1.0-1.el7.x86_64
Marking oracle-database-preinstall-19c-1.0-1.el7.x86_64.rpm to be installed
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package oracle-database-preinstall-19c.x86_64 0:1.0-1.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution
 
Dependencies Resolved
 
==========================================================================================================================
 Package                            Arch       Version         Repository                                            Size
==========================================================================================================================
Installing:
 oracle-database-preinstall-19c     x86_64     1.0-1.el7       /oracle-database-preinstall-19c-1.0-1.el7.x86_64      55 k
 
Transaction Summary
==========================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package
 
Total size: 55 k
Installed size: 55 k
Downloading packages:
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
Warning: RPMDB altered outside of yum.
  Installing : oracle-database-preinstall-19c-1.0-1.el7.x86_64                                                        1/1 
  Verifying  : oracle-database-preinstall-19c-1.0-1.el7.x86_64                                                        1/1 
 
Installed:
  oracle-database-preinstall-19c.x86_64 0:1.0-1.el7                                                                       
 
Complete!

 3.2.     安装数据库软件

[root@localhost ~]# yum localinstall -y oracle-database-ee-19c-1.0-1.x86_64.rpm
Loaded plugins: ulninfo
Examining oracle-database-ee-19c-1.0-1.x86_64.rpm: oracle-database-ee-19c-1.0-1.x86_64
Marking oracle-database-ee-19c-1.0-1.x86_64.rpm to be installed
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package oracle-database-ee-19c.x86_64 0:1.0-1 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution
 
Dependencies Resolved
 
==========================================================================================================================
 Package                          Arch             Version           Repository                                      Size
==========================================================================================================================
Installing:
 oracle-database-ee-19c           x86_64           1.0-1             /oracle-database-ee-19c-1.0-1.x86_64           6.9 G
 
Transaction Summary
==========================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package
 
Total size: 6.9 G
Installed size: 6.9 G
Downloading packages:
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : oracle-database-ee-19c-1.0-1.x86_64                                                                                     1/1 
[INFO] Executing post installation scripts...
[INFO] Oracle home installed successfully and ready to be configured.
To configure a sample Oracle Database you can execute the following service configuration script as root: /etc/init.d/oracledb_ORCLCDB-19c configure
  Verifying  : oracle-database-ee-19c-1.0-1.x86_64                                                                                     1/1 
 
Installed:
  oracle-database-ee-19c.x86_64 0:1.0-1                                                                                                    
 
Complete!

 3.3.     创建数据库

[root@localhost sysconfig]# /etc/init.d/oracledb_ORCLCDB-19c configure
Configuring Oracle Database ORCLCDB.
Prepare for db operation
8% complete
Copying database files
31% complete
Creating and starting Oracle instance
32% complete
36% complete
40% complete
43% complete
46% complete
Completing Database Creation
51% complete
54% complete
Creating Pluggable Databases
58% complete
77% complete
Executing Post Configuration Actions
100% complete
Database creation complete. For details check the logfiles at:
 /opt/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/ORCLCDB.
Database Information:
Global Database Name:ORCLCDB
System Identifier(SID):ORCLCDB
Look at the log file "/opt/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/ORCLCDB/ORCLCDB.log" for further details.
 
Database configuration completed successfully. The passwords were auto generated, you must change them by connecting to the database using 'sqlplus / as sysdba' as the oracle user.

四、     一键自动化安装

 4.1.     安装介质下载并上传

链接:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1tC7eLLp3JdRksLRWOfgPRg

提取码:0ajw

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 4.2.     挂载操作系统光盘

[root@localhost ~]# mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/
mount: /dev/sr0 is write-protected, mounting read-only

 4.3.     执行一键安装

[root@localhost ~]# sh rhel7_oracle_1903_rpm_Install.sh 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Welcome to PrudentWoo Oracle 19.3 Database RPM Install Package
 
PrudentWoo QQ:286507175 E-mail:happy-wuweilong@hotmail.com

 4.4.     输入数据库名称

Please Insert into ORACLE NAME: woo   --输入woo

 4.5.     创建数据库

------------------ Create Oracle Database; Name is woo -----------------------
 
Configuring Oracle Database woo.
Prepare for db operation
8% complete
Copying database files
31% complete
Creating and starting Oracle instance
32% complete
36% complete
40% complete
43% complete
46% complete
Completing Database Creation
51% complete
54% complete
Creating Pluggable Databases
58% complete
77% complete
Executing Post Configuration Actions
100% complete
Database creation complete. For details check the logfiles at:
 /opt/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/woo.
Database Information:
Global Database Name:woo
System Identifier(SID):woo
Look at the log file "/opt/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/woo/woo.log" for further details.
 
Database configuration completed successfully. The passwords were auto generated, you must change them by connecting to the database using 'sqlplus / as sysdba' as the oracle user.
Changing password for user oracle.
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

 4.6.     最后配置数据库

sqlplus / as sysdba  << EOF
shut immediate
startup mount;
alter database archivelog;
alter database open;
alter pluggable database all open;
EOF

 4.7.     安装完后检查数据库

sqlplus / as sysdba  << EOF
select userenv('language') from dual;
alter session set NLS_DATE_FORMAT='YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS';
select d.name,i.status,d.LOG_MODE,d.CREATED from v\$instance i,v\$database d;
show pdbs;
EOF
 
SQL>
USERENV('LANGUAGE')
----------------------------------------------------
AMERICAN_AMERICA.AL32UTF8
 
SQL>
NAME      STATUS       LOG_MODE     CREATED
--------- ------------ ------------ -------------------
WOO       OPEN         ARCHIVELOG   2020-06-01 11:22:31
 
SQL>
    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO
         3 ORCLPDB1                       READ WRITE NO

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